Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2020, Page: 72-82
Using Prescriptive Analytics for the Determination of Optimal Crop Yield
Terungwa Simon Yange, Department of Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Science, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Charity Ojochogwu Egbunu, Department of Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Science, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Malik Adeiza Rufai, Department of Computer Science, Federal University Lokoja, Lokoja, Nigeria
Oluoha Onyekwere, Department of Computer Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Alao Abiodun Abdulrahman, Department of Computer Science, Federal University Lokoja, Lokoja, Nigeria
Idris Abdulkadri, Department of Computer Science, Federal University Lokoja, Lokoja, Nigeria
Received: May 28, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 8, 2020;       Published: Jul. 6, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijdsa.20200603.11      View  209      Downloads  86
Abstract
The application of data mining has been utilized in different fields ranging from agriculture, finance, education, security, medicine, research etc. Data mining derives useful information from careful examination of data. In Nigeria, Agriculture plays a critical role in the economy as it provides high level of employment for many people. It is typical of farmers in Nigeria to plant crops without paying considerate attention to the soil and crop requirements as most farmers inherit the lands used for farming from their fathers and just continue in the pattern of farming they had always known. This is not favorable in the level of productivity they can actually attain as the effect can be seen in same level of crop yield year after year if not even worse. Modern farming techniques make use of data mining from previous data considering soil types, and other factors like weather and climatic conditions. This study built a model that enables possible prediction of crop yield from the historic data collected and offers suggestions to farmers on the right soil nutrients requirements that would enhance crop yield. This will enable early prediction of crop yield and prior idea to improve on the soil to increase productivity. The research used XGBoost algorithm for the crop yield prediction and the Support Vector Machine algorithm for the recommendation of appropriate improvement of soil nutrient requirements. The accuracy obtained for the prediction with XGBoost was 95.28%, while that obtained for the recommendation of fertilizer using SVM was 97.86%.
Keywords
Prescriptive Analytics, Optimal, Crop Yield, Machine Learning, Support Vector Machine, XGBoost
To cite this article
Terungwa Simon Yange, Charity Ojochogwu Egbunu, Malik Adeiza Rufai, Oluoha Onyekwere, Alao Abiodun Abdulrahman, Idris Abdulkadri, Using Prescriptive Analytics for the Determination of Optimal Crop Yield, International Journal of Data Science and Analysis. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 72-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdsa.20200603.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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